Thursday, June 13, 2019

Jobs In Demand

With machine learning, artificial intelligence, quantum computing and other
high-tech advances, most of us have wondered if our jobs will be taken over by
technology. The bad news is, this is already happening for some professions
doing rote work, such as telemarketers.

The good news is, studies show that some jobs are less at risk than others,
because they are complex rather than predictable, or require the kind of
creativity or emotional intelligence that machines don’t yet possess. So here
are 25 jobs that will not disappear anytime soon.

1. Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers

These health care professionals are “what you probably think of when you hear the word ‘therapist.’ They have ongoing clinical relationships with individuals, couples, families, and groups in community treatment programs, schools, or office settings.” These complex human relationships and insights into what drives behavior make the profession nearly future-proof.

2. Choreographers

A choreographer is an artist who designs and directs dance routines and
performances that will entertain, inspire and sometimes challenge audiences.
A quintessentially creative profession-combining music and
movement-choreography is beyond the capability of machines right now and
for the foreseeable future.

3. Teachers

Teachers not only need to know a lot, they must shape the development of
their students, with keen insights into their character, their abilities and what
motivates them. Empathy and a nurturing nature are important characteristics.
While teachers increasingly must know how to use new technology to do their
jobs, they are unlikely to be replaced by it.

4. Supervisors of Police and Detectives

These law enforcement professionals, including police sergeants and captains
are tasked with coordinating criminal investigations, providing their expertise
and guidance to investigators. Their work requires leadership and
problem-solving skills, a thorough knowledge of police procedures, grace under
pressure and other qualities.

5. Clergy

In different religious traditions, a clergy person is an ordained member who
conducts religious worship, carries out official rites and provides spiritual
assistance, moral guidance and support to congregation members. Dealing
with personal, emotional, spiritual, societal and other issues makes the clergy’s
job hard to replicate by machines.

6. Marketing and Professional Drivers

According to The Independent: “Machines aren't great at critical thinking, or
coming up with new and exciting ideas.... People who design for a living, or
who work with ideas, words and images will probably survive the increase in
automation, because machines don't function like humans. Not yet, at least.”

7. Psychiatrists

One of the things that’s hard for machines to replicate is emotional intelligence.
A fair bit of this is required by psychiatrists as they diagnose, treat and try to
prevent a variety of mental, emotional and behavioral disorders in their patients.

8. Human Resource Managers

While computers may search resumes for the right keywords, narrowing down
the field for job candidates, human resources managers also have insights into
what makes people tick personally and professionally that they rely on as they
recruit, interview and hire new staff. Mediating disputes, handling disciplinary
actions, planning strategically to make the best uses of the workforce’s talents
also require serious people skills.

9. Athletic Trainers

As much as fitness devices like Fit bit are all the rage, it still takes the personal
touch of a fitness trainer to keep people motivated and on track for their
exercise goals. And with an aging population, and all the associated maladies,
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that from 2016 to 2026 the
profession should grow by 23%, much faster than average.

10. Data Scientist

While machines are great at amassing data, sometimes it takes a human to
understand the story it is telling in its algorithms and code. According to the
book Doing Data Science: “A data scientist is someone who knows how to
extract meaning from and interpret data, which requires both tools and methods
from statistics and machine learning, as well as being human.”

11. Marriage and Family Therapist

These therapists also need emotional intelligence and human insight to do
their jobs, as they “treat a wide range of serious clinical problems including:
depression, marital problems, anxiety, individual psychological problems, and
child-parent problems.” With a 23% predicted employment growth from 2016
to 2026, their job prospects outstrip many other professions.

12. Gig Workers

In today’s growing gig economy, temporary, flexible jobs are becoming more
common, with numbers of freelance workers and contract employees growing
compared to full-time staff. Often their work is related to technology, such as
Uber and Lyft drivers, and food bicycle delivery people. The work requires
flexibility and independence—something machines aren't known for.

13. Dentists

People aren't crazy about other people poking around their mouths; they’re
even less eager to have machines take over the role. With nice salaries to boot,
(human) dentists will continue to find a growing demand for their services,
diagnosing and treating problems of the teeth, gums and other mouth parts.

14. Music Directors and Composers

Creativity is the hallmark of the composers who write and arrange original
music and the directors, or conductors, who lead musical groups during
performances and recording sessions. With the number of people attending
musical and theatrical performances expected to stay steady in the years
ahead, the profession will still be needed, although with increased
competition for jobs.

15. Registered Nurse

An aging baby boomer population will ensure that demand stays high for
registered nurses, who work in hospitals, clinics, assisted-living facilities,
homes, schools and more. They also provide specialized care in areas such
as cardiac care, midwifery, family practice, geriatrics, labor and delivery and
emergency nursing.”

16. Conservation Scientist and Foresters

The continuing need to prevent and deal with forest fires, as well as consumer
demand for wood pellets, will ensure that conservation scientists and foresters
are around to plan, maintain and preserve public and private woodlands. In
the future, the best job prospects will be for the professionals who well know
geographic information system (GIS) technology, remote sensing and other
software tools.

17. Cybersecurity Experts

With the growing number of cyber attacks threatening our increasingly
connected workplaces, cybersecurity is a profession that will continue to
command good wages and grow—conservative estimates predict that job
growth in the sector will be 37% a year through 2022. Good for those in the
field; alarming for the rest of us. And a case of how technology is creating new

18. Multimedia Artists and Animators

With the high demand for animation and visual effects in video games,
television, movies and online, employment prospects for this profession will
remain steady. While multimedia artists and animators must use the latest
technology in their work, the creativity they bring to projects keeps the
machines as tools, instead of masters.

19. Chief Executives

Whether an organization is large or small, its chief executive has their hand
at the helm, devising strategies and policies to ensure that it stays on track
and meets set targets. Long hours, high stress, and plump salaries and
bonuses are part of the job for both public and private sector chief
executives. As long as there are organizations, there’ll be a demand for

20. Dietitians and Nutritionist

An aging and increasingly obese population, and the rise of diseases such
as diabetes and heart disease, will help keep demand for dietitians and
nutritionists high, with employment projected to grow by 14% over the next
decade. These professionals are experts in using food and nutrition to
promote healthy lifestyles and manage disease.

21. Mechanical Engineers

While machines are on the rise, you still need people to create and care for
them. Mechanical engineers help design, make prototypes, test, refine and
produce just about any kind of machine you can think of. These include ones
for the automotive industry, aerospace and transport industries, power
generation, refineries, insurance industries, building services, railway
systems design and other sectors.

22. Coaches and Scouts

Coaches and scouts find and refine athletic talent. Coaches give amateur
and professional athletes the training and skills they need to become
contenders in their sports. And scouts track down new players, assessing
their skills and how likely they are to be successful. With high interest in
college and professional sports, the demand for this profession will grow at a
rate faster than most other jobs.

23. Physicians

“Some say technology will replace 80% of doctors in the future.
I disagree,” writes Dr. Bertalan Mesk√≥. “Instead, technology will finally allow
doctors to focus on what makes them good physicians: treating patients and
innovating, while automation does the repetitive part of the work.”
A growing and aging population will help ensure the demand for physicians

24. Recreation Workers

Recreation workers keep people active and healthy with fitness and
recreational activities in sports centers, camps, nursing homes, community
centers, parks and elsewhere. With an increasing societal focus on lifelong
health and wellbeing, these professionals will continue to be in demand to
work with people of all ages in a variety of settings.

25. Executive Chefs

While automation will take over some food production jobs (and already has),
people will always want a good meal out. Combining manual skills with great
creativity, an executive chef knows how to mix flavors and create innovative
menus in ways that will future-proof their profession. Fast-food chefs, however,
are susceptible to automation and AI burger-flipping assistants.

Disclaimer: Following article came from MSNmoney

Saturday, July 13, 2013

Fashion Is a Career

Fashion is a very versatile field in terms of careers. Photography is an opening for the fashion sensitive journalists. In fashion photography all the inputs of style are given their simultaneous expression: the fabrics, the stylists, the designer, the model and the fashion photographer.
Much of our advertising is lifestyle advertising, which is not really fashion Photography. In India fashion photography is still at a nascent stage, though it is growing. At the moment it is generally confined to advertising of textiles because the big advertising is or the textile houses rather than the much smaller readymade garment sector. Added to this there is a small market restricted to a glamour market. Apart room the odd page in the weekend newspapers, there s little space available for a photo spread on fashion that would give the viewer an opportunity to understand the style of the fashion photographer. The concern yet is not so much to bring out the style of particular professional so as to make it distinctive ad recognizable in the eye of the Viewer.
Fashion photography is basically the advertising of clothes. Specialist In this field develop a style or feel) to their work which perhaps may be appropriate to the requirements of one section of the fashion industry. Often the photographer attempts to capture an atmosphere at the expense of detail in the clothes themselves. A garment often sell because they are associated with a certain age group or style, a fashion photographer attempts to reinforce this photography is probably the most competitive area of work today and is therefore not easy to break into,
It is a training of the eye, and no amount of technical training and information can make you see things, unless you have that inner ab1il1ity. Equipment, training is all secondary some of the masters worked with very Simple equipment, though of course technology helps. But the basic prerequisite is an intelligent, curious and perceptive mind.
Fashion Photography is a profession as well as an art form. You must have interest in visuals, attentive sensitiveness to color and shape and shadow, interest in light, in observing how colors look on certain days, for example on dull days, or gold sunsets.  For Fashion Photography, one must have a flair for fashion,' and an interest in style, in fact an involvement in the whole world of fashion. It has to be almost a passion. Lot of photography can be learnt from reading. Technical instruction, in the formal sense, is not necessary. Many techniques can be learned simply by assisting other photographers.
Bachelor’s courses in Art (5 years) offer specialized photography courses. 1he reader rnay refer to the chapter on art for information on Art Institutions. However, Photography as a .course IS offered by some institutions and universities. The course is of one year duration and Diploma is awarded.


Fashion modeling is considered glamorous, thrilling and lucrative. However, potential models should be aware that it is a tough, competitive, insecure and short lived career, before committing themselves to a full time career in modeling. The two main areas of modeling are fashion shows and fashion photography. There is overlap between these two areas and many models do both.
Fashion modeling focuses on clothing design and manufacture. The trend setting fashion houses produce collections 'of exclusively designed 'garments' or even accessories. In fashion shows the press, customers, buyers from the most exclusive shops etc. are welcomed. The trends in fashion business are set at such shows.
In live fashion shows fashion models display clothes and accessories to potential customers in a professionally choreographed setting and hence to the best effect. In fashion photographs they model to the requirements of the photographer. The two specialism demand quite different qualities, but there is much overlap and many models do both.
Live Modeling
Designers who build up prototype garments on the model are ramp modeled in fashion shows.
Displaying garments involves details such as how clothes hang the seams and the hems. Models walk with natural, flowing movements, bringing attention of the spectators and allowing close scrutiny. They also answer questions about the clothes. Models often work freelance.
Photographic Modeling
Photographic models work in the studio or on location. Some famous models obtain work with fashion and women's magazines. They also feature in the non-fashion sections such as furniture and carpets.
Models also work in advertising and for magazines for promoting fashion and other products. Models that have exceptionally attractive hair or eyes, may specialize in modeling particular products, such as shampoo or beauty products.
Photographic sessions are long, strenuous and demanding. Models pose for long periods and have to be cooperative and patient while the photographer adjusts the light, set etc. They have to follow instructive even for changing facial expressions, for looking relaxed, natural and lively.
Fashion models body should be well proportioned with good, attractive features, healthy complexion, even teeth and Lustrous hair. Those with an interesting appearance, rather than classical beauty, are often preferred.
Photographic models need to be highly photogenic.
Good health, a high standard of physical fitness, good physical coordination is essential. Models should have a pleasant, outgoing personality. They should be able to work in a group and have interest in drama and dance.
Models may have to spend long periods waiting. Hence they must be patient and interested even when tired or bored. Self-confidence is needed but models   able to accept criticism and rejection.
Modeling needs a professional approach.
Training facilities are limited in our country. However, fashion houses, some ad agencies, fashion show organizers do impart training to their models before they present a show.

Thursday, July 11, 2013

Career in Fashion Designing the Other Side of Designing

Fashion is a term commonly used in relation to clothes, dresses, garments, textiles, etc. There may be styles in a large number of other things, e.g., furniture, automobiles, etc. In this Chapter I have dealt with fashion as related to garments and accessories.
In the last fifteen years fashion designing has gained spectacular prominence. There is increase in quality textiles materials for the fashion designers to work with. This trend of fashion consciousness is bound to grow and stay. 
Fashion is identified today with status, acceptance and it almost implies social involvement. India enjoys a prominent place in the international market with its rich silks, traditional handloom fabrics, rustic textures and vibrant dyes. The creation of a world market for Indian garments is largely the contribution of Indian fashion designers. The trends of growth are set for fashion entrepreneurs.
There are three main areas of fashion design and manufacture. These are designing for mass production (wholesale), fashion trends and large scale manufacture of designer ware. By far the largest area is wholesale manufacture, where firms mass-produce garments following fashion trends set in by fashion forecasters. High fashion designs when simplified and adapted for the common public are suitable for production in large numbers at low cost. Fashion trend setters are celebrated firms and fashion houses which produce exclusively designed garments collections. Fashion shows of collections are held for marketing these designs. Designers, in the wholesale manufacturing sector, generally specialize in producing certain types of clothes in a wide range of styles and fabrics, e.g., jeans, jackets, children wear, men's wear, etc. Some designers specialize in leisurewear, women's wear; accessories, shoes, knitwear, sportswear. Some others specialize in designing of costumes for stage artists, TV or film. This work can involve historical research as well as design.
Stages in the Designing of a Garment
Research - Creation is of a design involves identifying what customers need and which designs will sell. Even in the special designers section, designers producing expensive original work keep in mind factors such as social customs, international fashion trends and fabrics available. In the wholesale sector, manufacturing designers select and modify designs which are going to sell. They get 'ideas, by reviewing periodicals and attending fashion shows, etc. They also take into account competitors' products and sales information. Trends are anticipated as designs are produced a year in advance of garments reaching the market. New designs are required for two or more seasons each year.
Designs - Designers use their creativity to produce ideas to suit the market's needs. Sketches are used to outline basic ideas when fabrics are selected. The appearance, quality and texture of fabrics are taken into account. During manufacturing, the designer liaises with production staff and the buyer to ensure that mass production is feasible and cost effective.
Patterns - Designers make formal drawings indicating the position of seams, folds, darts, etc., but in many cases patterns are translated from the rough sketches by draftsmen.
Samples - Designers garments are made up for the show or private clients. In wholesale manufacture, samples are made up before mass production begins and the designer makes any necessary adjustments. Changes may be required to suit production/budgetary requirements.
Presentation - Designers are required to present their design work to clients. Effective presentation is essential for designers. They do so through fashion shows, selling to individuals or retail buyers. Designers market their work and give advice to clients about adaptations- types of fabric which can be used, different dimensions, production problems etc. This is a major aspect of the work for many designers.
Fashion designers should be artistic and creative. They should be able to express their ideas in sketches. They may not be brilliant artists but must be able to combine colors, shades and tones. Designers have a flair for creating with fabric and know how to use textiles effectively. Designers need visual imaginary and the ability to think in three-dimensions to translate into garments what they visualize. They must be fashion conscious and must be aware of market's requirements. An understanding of the market and customer lifestyle is required, so that designs are suitable for people they are made for. Designers must be good communicators. The work involved with selling, and persuading and influencing are required.
Self-employed/freelance designers need business acumen. Top designers must be highly original and inventive. Sketching is not possible at shows, therefore designers must be observant and must have a good memory.

Design Department
Manufacturing units work on a large scale. They employ designers, cutting assistants, sketching assistants, junior designers. Cutting assistants have to cut samples as per specifications of the designer. This is followed by draping and garment construction. Sketching assistants make the technical sketches of the garments which are passed on to cutting assistants. From the making of specification drawings which decide how a garment has to be fabricated to the selection of fabrics is often the duty of the sketching assistant.
Junior designers generally do the first pattern cutting. They assemble the first samples with fabrics they have selected from the market.
Marketing and merchandising
Fashion trends are constantly changing the people in merchandising and marketing have a good knowledge of fashion trends, of sales data and the organizations marketing objectives. Based on this information the marketing department plans the company's overall direction. It determines the price product requirement, and hence they often work with the styling department when a new product in conceived.
Manufacturing Department
The production manager is at the head of the manufacturing unit. He is responsible for scheduling work goals, training of workers, managing all activities in order to maintain quality in production. The production manager oversees the work of pattern cutting from pattern grading, spreading and marketing to cutting, assembling and finishing. With the production manager are production assistants who supervise the work at each stage.
The production pattern maker makes the first 'master pattern' of the garment on tough paper. This master pattern is made in close coordination with the fashion designing department. The master pattern is made into a number of sizes. Each piece of the garment is represented by a piece of the' pattern. The fabric is spread out and patterns are cut. The pieces are assembled for the machine operator and finally finished by handwork.
This is the process where a number of people are employed in large manufacturing industries while in smaller units the same persons may be, doing a number of tasks.
Fashion coordinators coordinate with the buyer and the production manager. The fashion coordinator makes sure production schedules are kept, meets buyers goes through specifications for fabrics, colors, designs and keeps an eye on the quality.
When buyers give their own designs, the coordinator helps decide the fabric colors and accessories that should be used to suit the designs. They explain the design to the production pattern makers and ample pieces made. The sample is draped on a dummy to see if some changes in details or style are required. Once the sample is finalized, its pieces are measured precisely. It is the coordinator who suggests how the cloth should be cut so as to minimize wastage. The garment is then and finally presented or sale.
Fashion designing courses are generally offered to students after +2. The course imparts training in all the aspects-of garment manufacture. However, the quality of training varies from institute to institute. There are very prestigious and competitive courses in fashion technology offered by National Institute of Fashion Technology, New Delhi which has gained tremendous applause for training perhaps some very prominent fashion designers. Sophia Polytechnic in Bombay too is a well known training school. Fashion designers, however, are being trained by some newer institutes also. In the courses section the reader will mind a complete description of the courses at NIFT- New Delhi, Sophia - Bombay and the addresses of some polytechnics in Delhi. Students in other parts of the country are advised to visit local polytechnics and vocational training institutes for courses in fashion design.
Accessory Design This three year diploma program introduces students to basic design concepts, visualization techniques, manipulation of materials and techniques of interpretation, leading to the creation of costume jewelry and accessories in various materials and traditional Indian craft styles. Students are taught portfolio and presentation techniques, given marketing inputs and trained in design management.
This program offers careers as Design Coordinators, Managers and prepares them for entry into the emerging market of accessory export from India.
Fashion Design
The curriculum for this three years diploma program covers the development of the garment from source of inspiration to the finished product. Technical aspects like fashion art, pattern making, garment construction, grading and draping are taught and practiced. Subjects like History of Costumes and Textiles, Apparel Fabric Studies, Textile Science round off the education program.
Students are taught presentation techniques, organization of shows and preparation of Art portfolio to link aspects of creative marketing in the curriculum. Individual creativity is articulated into design collections and projects.
This program offers students the opportunity to take up positions as Fashion Coordinators, Stylists, pattern makers and Designers.
Apparel Marketing and Merchandising
This course is a specialized two year post graduate diploma program which covers practical aspects of the fashion industry, with a focus on marketing & merchandising. Students undergo rigorous training in buying, merchandising, retail operations, fashion coordination, advertising, forecasting, international marketing, trade documentation and project formulation.
They are exposed to creative merchandising/marketing following domestic and international marketing practices, forecasting & other factors. Training is also imparted in computer applications in business and the students are also given production oriented inputs to develop competitive professionals.
This program prepares students for careers in middle management level in functional areas of international marketing, retail & inventory management. The course is supported all through the program by industry projects and presentations.
Garment Manufacturing Technology
This two year postgraduate level diploma program covers aspects of optimal resource utilization and timely delivery of quality merchandise to customers. The syllabus is practical, based on classroom and laboratory simulation of current factory and business trends. It includes subjects such as business administration, industry and engineering concepts and techniques of production   patternmaking, strategic planning and an in-depth knowledge of seams, stitches and machine types. Time and motion studies are applied to critical activities like spreading, marking and cutting, ensuring high standards of quality control and garment specification.
This program prepares students for careers in middle management levels in garment manufacturing firms. The graduates are employed as Production Managers. While trained in assembly-line simulations, they are also capable of handling job-work with tailor based units. Graduates with engineering background are more suited for this course.
Leather Garment Design and Technology
The course has inputs on Production System and Garment engineering skills, leather garments manufacturing processes, design forecast and awareness and skills, patternmaking techniques and concepts, garment specifications and international size charts, selection of trimmings etc.
This is a modular program, which allows the students to specialize either as Designers/Stylists or Managers in a Leather company. It is a two year professional program at the Post
Graduate level. The program offers graduates career as Production
Managers with a firm grasp of the principles of design and pattern making/cutting or Designers/Stylists with a thorough knowledge of pattern making and cutting on production methods.
Knitwear Design and Technology
This two year diploma program provides students with the opportunity to study and practice the inter-related aspects of Knitwear and Knitted product design, along with the required aspects of technology. The course aims to prepare students who understand the important combination of creativity with a sound knowledge of materials and processes.
Technical aspects like fashion art, pattern making, garment construction and grading are included. The training will develop skills in the student to produce a range of knitted products which demonstrate research, analysis, costing, technology application and design to a professional standard. Industry internship will provide students with awareness and experience of the related aspects of the business and industry.
The program will enable students to enter the knitted products industry as fully functioning designers who are business/technology aware.
Textile Design and Development
The Textile Design and Development has inputs which has both design and technology. The course is designed to explain the concepts of textile design from the stage of the original fiber till the final product.
The course is a two year master’s course after graduation and includes inputs of textile, sketching, printing, weaving and computer application to cover woven, print and embroidery designs. In the final year, the students will be mostly doing practical design projects with clients.

The program offers the opportunities to graduates to take up careers as Textile Design Technologists, in Print Houses, handloom industry,  Mills Sector and the Garment Export Houses.