PREPARING A RESUME
A resume is a brief summary of one's career written in a paragraph format. A curriculum Vitae or CV is a structured delineation of one's educational qualifications and work experience. In India, both the terms are used interchangeably.
A standard CV will incorporate the following details.
• Professional Qualifications
• Work experience (it any)
• Extracurricular interests
• Special achievements
However, the essential parts of a CV can be divided into the following heads.
• The heading will Include one's name, address, telephone number, e-mail (if any)' and the position applied for.
• If one has little or no work experience then the resume could start with the side head "Education". If one has sufficient work experience, then it would be ideal to start the resume with the side head "Work experience". While writing the work experience, one must include all significant work in reverse chronological order.
• Education is an important part of one's resume. One must include one's degree, specialization, institutions attended, date of graduation, subsidiary subjects studied, and any special workshops, seminars, related courses or projects.
• Any information that doesn't fall under the above categories could come under additional information, This could include your special interests, the languages you know, computer knowledge you possess and the honors and awards you have won. The point is to impress your recruiter.
• One must include two or three reference in one's resume to lend it credibility. You must obtain the prior permission of the persons you intend to present as references. The references should be those who you have worked under or persons who have taught you at college.
QUESTIONS USUALLY ASKED IN INTERVIEWS
• Tell me about yourself
• What are your hobbles?
• Why do you want to be a programmer/analyst/copywriter...., etc?
• If you could change one thing in your life, what would it be?
• Why didn't you go for higher studies?
• What does success mean 10 you?
• Where do you plan to be 5 years from now?
• Tell us about your achievements
•What are your strengths?
• What are your weaknesses?
• Why should we give you this, job?
•If you were to write your own obituary, what would you write?
•What subject did you like best in school/college?
• Which newspapers/magazines do you read regularly?
•.Which page in the newspaper do you turn to first?
•Which programs do you watch on TV?
• What is your favorite book?
•What are you reading now?
• What do you like to do when you are free?
• What games do you play?
• When do you find time to play cricket/badminton/ tennis....?
• Why do you want to leave your present job?
• Why do you change jobs so frequently?
• What will you do if you are not selected?
• What will you do if you fail in this interview?
• Describe your dream job?
• What kind of people do you enjoy working with?
• Who is your role model and Why?
• How long do you plan to work here before moving out
•What are you looking for from life?
How to Face interviews Successfully
Presenting Oneself and Documents
Ø Use formal dress to appear or an interview.
Ø Avoid using new clothes because one may not know how to function in them.
Ø It is not wise to change usual hair styles or clothing patterns as they will inconvenience the candidate.
Ø Use executive clothing, deep and bright colors may not Suit the occasion.
Ø Clothes have to be clean and ironed to represent order and discipline.
Ø Carry a pen in the pocket or in the folder.
Ø Carry all [he documents in an order in a folder.
Ø Avoid carrying documents in an envelope as it will take time to show them to the interviewers.
Ø Carry only relevant documents.
Ø Copy of the application sent and bio data and certificate of Qualifying examination are important documents.
Ø Carrying certificates and documents in a plastic bag will not give an impression of quality and class.
Ø Do not present any certificate or document unless asked for.
Ø Remember to collect all the certificates given perusal at the Interview.
Ø Entry, Seating and Exit
Ø Knock at the door and then enter even if your name is called out
Ø Greet the interviewers as soon as you enter the lady first and the gentlemen thereafter.
Ø Sit down only after you are asked to.
Ø Remember to say 'Thank You' before being seated.
Ø Avoid pulling a chair, Instead, lift it is necessary and always enter [rom the right side of the chair.
Ø Sit without crossing legs and sit straight.
Ø Look at the interviewers instead of looking down.
Ø Keep whatever paper materials you carry on your lap, and not on the table.
Ø Bend forward while answering Questions.
Ø While answering a questioner remember to look at the other interviewers also Avoid fidgeting like touching moustache, scratching nose or arranging hair.
Ø Avoid carrying anything like a key bunch or a pen in your hands.
Ø At the end of the interview, get up and move out only after thanking the interviewers.
Ø While moving out step back first, then tum and Walk away.
Ø Listen to Questions carefully to comprehend. If you have not understood a question politely request for a repeat.
Ø Give short answers unless asked for longer ones. Exude confidence but not arrogance
Ø Be firm when you are sure, otherwise start statements with "l think" or ‘As far as | know".
Ø Mouth all words clearly and speak loud enough to hear.
Ø Answer immediately without wasting time.
Ø Avoid being humorous or ironical in your answers.
Ø Keep looking at the interviewers and never at other things in the room or outside.
Ø Give authentic information about any details connected with your bio-data.
Ø It is discourteous to take anything from the table in front of the interviewer.
Ø Avoid tightening a tie or pulling at the dress while answering any question.
Ø Answers should not be given in a raised voice even when 'the question comes in that manner.
Ø Answer questions in simple single Sentences
Ø Avoid giving additional information unless asked for.
Ø If you are complimented for the answers, remember to thank the interviewer.
Ø If your answer or opinions are rejected by the interviewer, remember to say 'sorry'.
Ø Avoid repealing answers, phrases or words.
Ø Be aware of mannerisms and avoid them.
Demeanor and interactions
Ø Keep a smiling [ace so as to welcome any question.
Ø Avoid any disagreement with the interviewer unless it involves your belief systems.
Ø If or when an interviewee has to disagree with the intent to do it politely after pressing regret or asking for pardon.
Ø It is unwise to contradict an answer through a subsequent answer.
Ø If an error is brought to the notice of a candidate, he Should accept the Same.
Ø Use a language that is easy to understand but formal in its usage.
Ø A candidate should avoid offering her hand for a hand shake. All the same, if offered by the interviewer, she should accept it
Ø While a male candidate has to stand up to shake hands. a lady may accept an offer while being seated.
Ø A candidate's behaviour should convince the interviewer about 'Ehe quality of personality that the candidate has.
Ø Avoid any exhibition of emotion about an answer that a candidate considers very dear or correct.
Ø The interviewers should not condemn or depreciate any other person, group, community or nation during interview.
Ø If or when a candidate Is asked about achievements or successes she should take care to list only those which can be proved with evidence.
Ø There is nothing wrong in requesting an irterviewer to ask a candidate questions on a subject of her choice.
Ø Once Ire subject is announced as the favoured one, a Candidate should make sure that all questions are answered.
To Emerge Successful in Group Discussions
Remember these Do's and Don'ts Group discussion has become an integral part of the selection procedure for job recruitment, and admission to quality academic programs. The strategy for success in voles many do's and don’ts, here are a few vital Don’ts to be borne in mind at the time of preparation.
The list has been prepared by a career guidance expert
Ø Gather full detalls of controversial topics of public 'Interest by following daily news editorial comments and articles written by experts in news magazines.
Ø Maintain a personal diary of events covering national/ internatonal news news of significance.
Ø Don“l swallow news reportsY hook, line and Sinkell Melt them in the Crucible of your mind and arrive at your own conclusions.
Ø Develop language skills including basic grammar, pranunciatlon, and effective expressions.
Ø Observe the techniques ofsuccessful spea kers - candences, voice modulatian, pauses, etc.
Ø Use simple yet forceful language; don't go for bombast.
Ø Arrange your facts logically.
Ø Don‘t take extreme positions
Ø Meet Opposition with a smile
Ø Be broad-minded in your approach.
Ø Don't be unduly emotional during discussions.
Ø Discuss and not dispute. Produce light and not heat.
Ø If you present an argument, give facts to support it.
Ø Be impartial. Keep a balanced view.
Ø Don't insult a person or a group.
Ø Appreciate good views expressed by others.
Ø Don`t explode if anyone gives a blunder.
Ø Be a good listener.
Ø Don't try to monopolise the time given for the group.Speak patiently and convincingly.
Ø Use appropriate and relevant quotations or proverbs to establish your point
Ø Encourage a silent or shy member to speak.
Ø Don't use provocative language or gestures.
Ø Don't hit on the table to prove a point,
Ø Look at the members by turn.
Ø Don't block Others
Ø Don't retort strongly if someone attacks y0u.Continue to be pleasant, a smile helps a lot.
Ø Light humor is OK; don't be a clown.
Ø Check your body language.
Ø If someone asks your views take it as an opportunity to speak. Don't shy away from it. .
Ø Show willingness for co-operation and teamwork.
Ø Be polite; show no sign of arrogance or superiority.
Ø Don't talk too fast saçrificing clarity, don't be dragging either.
Ø Don't shout 0r whistle speak normally.
Ø Avoid mannerisms such as "you see". "I mean"l "Soft of" and "Ya Ya". _
Ø Give priority to group interest and not self-interest.
Ø Never give an impression that you are confused.
Ø Use expressions such as "As you put it rightly" and "We should appreciate the views of".
Ø When you want to differ, use phrases such as "Let us look at from a different angle".
Ø Don`t1ust repeal the view given by another particular
Ø Don't give crude or uncivilisec wews or unpalatable expressions.
Ø Illustrate your views by examples.
Ø Don't get dishearlened if one of your views is not being carried4
Ø Don't blow your trumpets.
Ø It you get an opponunity to open the discussion or to conclude do it well.
Ø Be punctual
Ø Dress neatly
Ø Be confident 0f success